Short-term memory, also known as working memory, is responsible for holding back information for a short period of time, so that it can be accessed quickly , giving us support in our daily tasks.
For children, short-term memory plays a key role in the learning process . Therefore, it is important to provide them with activities that exercise this memory. We have already given several suggestions on how to work on auditory memory. But today we present activities to work the short-term visual memory with children from 2 years and a half to 6 years.
Traditional Memory Game
Use a basic memory set of cards with pairs of similar figures or create your own cards. If you decide to make your game, you can use pairs of 3 × 4 family photos or cards with numbers and letters – if the child is between 3 and 5 years old, this is a great option to work with visual discrimination and letter recognition And numbers.
The way of playing is very simple. Use a set of 5 to 10 pairs of cards for children from the age of two and a half (increase the degree of difficulty according to the child’s age). Place the cards on the table with the pictures facing down. Each player must take two cards. The goal is to form pairs of similar images. If this does not happen, the player must return the cards to the table and give the next player the turn. Whoever wins the largest number of pairs wins.
In a fun way, children will work on short-term visual memory and train concentration because they need to be careful to memorize the location of the cards.
A different memory game
Create your own card game. Draw at least 5 pictures, cut them in half. In this memory game, your child will form pairs joining two halves to form a figure. Separate the pieces, turn them with the drawing down and shuffle them. After that, your child will have to find pairs of pieces that fit, following the same rules as the traditional memory game.
What is missing?
Take some everyday objects or use your child’s toys for this activity. Place, for example, on the table: a plastic mug, a spoon and a pot. Point to each object and say the name of each. Make this appointment 2 times, then ask the child to do the same. Put a towel on them. Then tell her to close her eyes so you pull out one of the objects. Ask her to open her eyes. Remove the towel. The child will have to find out which object is missing. The ideal is to start with three or four objects. The greater the quantity, the greater the challenge. This game can also be made using geometric shapes, assembling blocks of different colors and sizes, etc.
For children who already know how to write, you can put some objects on the table and let them memorize them for about a minute. Then, cover the objects. They should write the name of as many pieces as they remember. Start working on independent sequence memorization. Then, to make the activity more difficult, ask them to memorize the objects in the order in which they were presented.
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