The learning problems can be detected in children as young as 5 years old and are a major concern for many parents, as they affect school performance and interpersonal relationships of their children.
A child with learning disabilities may have a normal level of intelligence , visual acuity and hearing. It is a child who strives to follow the instructions, to concentrate, and to behave well in his home and at school. Its difficulty is in capturing, processing and mastering the tasks and information, and then to develop them later. The child with this problem can not do what others with the same level of intelligence can achieve.
How to detect learning problems in children
The child with specific learning problems has unusual patterns in perceiving things in the external environment. Their neurological patterns are different from other children of the same age. However, they have some kind of failure in school or in their community.
It is not at all difficult to detect when a child is having trouble processing the information and training they receive. Parents should be aware and aware of the most frequent signs that indicate the presence of a learning problem when the child:
– Has difficulty understanding and following tasks and instructions.
– It has difficulty remembering what someone has just said.
– Does not master basic reading , spelling, writing and / or math skills, and therefore fails in school work.
– It has difficulty distinguishing between right and left, to identify words, etc. His tendency is to write letters, words or numbers in reverse.
– You lack coordination when walking, playing sports or completing simple activities, such as pointing a pencil or tying the shoelace.
– It is easy to lose or misplace your school material, such as books and other articles.
– He has difficulty understanding the concept of time, confusing ‘yesterday’, with ‘today’ and / or ‘tomorrow’.
– Shows irritation or excitement with ease.
Characteristics of learning problems
Children with learning disabilities often have characteristics and / or deficiencies in the following list of “Learning Disabilities Association of America” (LDA):
1- Reading Problems (vision)
– The child is very close to the book;
Says words out loud;
– signs, replaces, omits and inverts words;
– sees duplicate, jumps and reads the same line twice;
– does not read fluently;
– has little understanding in oral reading ;
– omits final consonants in the oral reading ;
– blinks excessively;
– sneezes while reading;
– tends to rub his eyes and complain that they itch;
– present problems of visual limitation, poor spelling, among others.
– The child inverts and exchanges upper-case letters;
– leaves no space between words and does not write over the lines;
– takes the clumsy pencil and has not defined if it is right-handed or left-handed;
– moves and places the paper incorrectly;
He tries to write with his finger;
– has poorly organized thinking and poor posture, etc.
3- Auditory and verbal
– speaks the words badly;
– breathe through your mouth, complain of ear problems;
– feels nauseous;
– turns white when spoken to;
– depends on others visually and observes the teacher closely;
– can not follow more than one instruction at a time;
– puts the television and the radio at a very high volume, etc.
– The student reverses the numbers;
– has difficulty knowing the time;
– poor understanding and memory of numbers;
– does not respond to mathematical data, etc.
5- Social / Emotional
– Hyperactive child with low self-esteem and attention.